(pronounced: ay-ayr-EE-dees)


Vandeae subtribe Aeridinae. The genus is divided into four sections. Section Aerides comprises species with an articulated lip in which the lobes are erect-incurved and conceal the entrance to the throat. Section Falcata Christenson is similar, but with t

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Monopodial epiphytes. Stems short and rooting at the base to elongate and vining and rooting along their length. Leaves alternate, distichous, leathery, obliquely bilobed. Inflorescences racemes or panicles, pendent, arching or occasionally erect, densely many-flowered. Flowers showy, usually fragrant. Sepals and petals free, spreading, the lateral sepals inserted on the column foot. Lip three-lobed or unlobed (the lateral lobes then reduced to small wings), rigidly fused or flexibly articulated to the column foot, with a nectar-bearing spur, the spur with glandular transverse callus ridges within. Column columbiform, with an elongate foot; pollinia 2, each unevenly cleft, on a common linear stipe and viscidium.


From the Greek aer, meaning air, and eides, meaning resembling, in allusion to their epiphytic habit.


A genus of 19 species found from South India and Sri Lanka to the Philippines and New Guinea.

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Ahmed, M., M. Moyeen, M. K. Pasha and M. A. Aziz-Khan 1989. A taxonomic account of Aerides Lour. (Orchidaceae) from Bangladesh. Bangladesh J. Bot. 18(2):147-155.

Christenson, E. A. 1987. Taxonomy of Aerides and related genera. Proc. 12th World Orchid Conf. 35-40.

Christenson, E. A. 1994. Sarcanthine Genera 10: Aerides Lour. Amer. Orchid Soc. Bull. 62(6):594-609.

Kaushik, P. 1982. Anatomy of Aerides (Orchidaceae), and its ecological and taxonomic bearing. Phytomorph. 32(2-3):157-166.

Seidenfaden, G. 1973. Contributions to the orchid flora of Thailand V: Aerides. Bot. Tidsskrift 68:68-80.