(pronounced: kal-AN-thee)


Arethuseae subtribe Bletiinae

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From the Greek kalos, meaning beautiful, and anthe, meaning bloom, referring to the pretty flowers of the genus.


A pantropical genus of 150 species with its greatest diversity in Africa and Asia. Only two species occur in the Neotropics.

Care and Culture Card

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Barghava, N. 1978. On the natural blooming of Calanthe triplicata (Will.) Ames in Little Andaman Island (India). Amer. Orchid Soc. Bull. 47(11):1011-1015.

Braem, G. J. 1991. The genus Calanthe. Schlechteriana 3/91:118-122.

Chan, C. L. and T. J. Barkman 1997. A new species of Calanthe (Orchidaceae: Epidendroideae: Arethuseae) from Mount Kinabalu, Sabah. Sandakania 9:27-34.

Comber, J. B. 1981. The genus Calanthe in Java. Orchid Digest 45:124-130.

Comber, J. B. 1989. More Calanthe species of Malaysia to New Guinea. Orchid Digest 53:68-70.

Cribb, P.J. and S. Thomas 1993. The genus Calanthe in Tropical America. Orquidea (Mex.) 13(1-2):227-232.

Ghose, B. N. 1960. Orchids of India: Calanthe herbacea. Amer. Orchid Soc. Bull. 29(4):277-278.

Gruss, O. 2000. Calanthe madagascariensis. Die Orchidee 51(2):[097]-[098].

Karasawa, K. and G. Ishida 1980. Histological observations on the pollination of Calanthe lyroglossa Reichb.f. Bull. Hiroshima Bot. Garden 3:75-78.

Karasawa, K., G. Ishida and M. Isobe 1986. Cytogenetic studies in the interspecific hybrid Calanthe reflexa x C. masuca. Bull. Hiroshima Bot. Gard. 8:43-54.

O’Byrne, P. 1997. Calanthe lyroglossa var. longibracteata, a new orchid from Java. Malayan Orch. Rev. 31:29-31.

Panigrahi, G. 1966. Systematic studies in the family Orchidaceae in eastern India, I. Aerides Lour. and Calanthe R. Br. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci., India, sect. B, 36(2):124-134.

Perner, H. 1999. Calanthe tricarinata Lindl. 1833. Die Orchidee 50(5): Orchideenkartei Seite 905-906.

Robbins, S. 1991. An unusual Calanthe from Yunnan. Amer. Orchid Soc. Bull. 60(3):234-235.

Seidenfaden, G. 1975. Orchid genera in Thailand. I. Calanthe R. Br. Dansk Bot. Ark. 29:1-50.

Sheehan, T. and M. Sheehan 1975. Orchid Genera Illustrated, XLVII: Calanthe. Amer. Orchid Soc. Bull. 44(12):1084-1085.

Singh, F. 1979. Calanthe masuca. Amer. Orchid Soc. Bull. 48(6):586-588.

Tahara, M. 1997. Calanthen in Japan. Die Orchidee 48(6):248-254.

Tanaka, R., K. Karasawa and G. Ishida 1981. Karyomorphological observations on Calanthe of Japan. Bull. Hiroshima Bot. Gard. 4:9-62.

Tang, C. Z. and S. J. Cheng 1986. A new orchid from South China, Calanthe argenteo-striata. Orchid Digest 49:227-229.

Teuscher, H. 1978. Collector’s Item: Calanthe and Spathoglottis. Amer. Orchid Soc. Bull. 47(4):336-343.