(pronounced: kye-loh-GLOT-tiss)


Diurideae subtribe Drakaeinae

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Miniature terrestrials arising from tubers. Stems very short. Leaves two, subopposite, elliptic. Inflorescences solitary, terminal, erect scapes. Flowers usually solitary, erect. Sepals and petals free, spreading, subsimilar. Lip unlobed, long-clawed, the callus complex, darkly-pigmented, usually glossy, consisting of knobs, long-stalked knobs, and erect tongue-like lobes. Column elongate, erect, arching, with apical wings; pollinia 4, naked.


From the Greek cheilos, meaning lip, and glottis, meaning the throat of a windpipe, from the resemblance of the lip to a human throat.


A genus of about 30 species endemic to Australia, New Zealand, and Tasmania.

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Bower, C. C. 1996. Demonstration of pollinator-mediated reproductive isolation in sexually deceptive species of Chiloglottis (Orchidaceae: Caladeniinae). Austral. Journ. Bot. 44:15-33.

Carr, G. W. 1991. New taxa in Caladenia R. Br., Chiloglottis R. Br. and Gastrodia R. Br. (Orchidaceae) from south-eastern Australia. Indig. Flora and Fauna Assoc., Misc. Pap. 1.

Jones, D. L. 1997. Chiloglottis jeanesii, a new species from Victoria. Muelleriana 10:63-67.

Jones, D. L. 1997. Chiloglottis jeanesii, a new species from Victoria. Orchadian 12(5):233-236.

Molloy, B. and J. Johns 1983. Chiloglottis gunnii Lindley, a new orchid record for New Zealand. Orchadian 7(9):210-214.