(pronounced: kly-soh-STOH-mah)


Vandeae subtribe Aeridinae

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From the Greek kleis(t)os, meaning closed, and stoma, meaning mouth, referring to the throat of the spur which is partially occluded by often complex calli.


A genus of about 80 species found from India to New Guinea as well as China and the Philippines.

Care and Culture Card

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Christenson, E. A. 1982. Sarcanthine genera 1: Cleisostoma Blume. Amer. Orchid Soc. Bull. 51:609-614.

Deori, M. C. and C. L. Malhotra 1973(1976). Cleisostoma paniculatum (Ker.-Gawl.) Garay (Orchidaceae), a new record for India. Bull. Bot. Soc. India 15(3-4):274.

Seidenfaden, G. 1975. Orchid genera in Thailand, II: Cleisostoma Bl. Dansk Bot. Arkiv 29(3):1-80.

Tsi, Z.-H. 1983. A revision of the genus Cleisostoma in China. Bull. Bot. Res. North-East Forest. Inst. 3(4):71-86.

Vasudeva Rao, M. K. 1985(1987). Cleisostoma uraiensis (Hayata) Garay & Sweet (Orchidaceae) in the Nicobar Islands, India. Bull. Bot. Surv. India 27(1-4):235.