(pronounced: kok-lee-AN-theez)


Maxillarieae subtribe Zygopetalinae

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From the Greek kochlias, meaning a spiralled shell, and anthos, meaning flower, describing the shell-like appearance of the flower.


A genus of 15 species found from Central America to Bolivia. Formerly included in a broadly defined Zygopetalum, species of Cochleanthes represent one of several nonpseudobulbose groups excluded from the former including Chondrorhyncha and Kefersteinia.

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Ackerman, J. D. 1983. Euglossine bee pollination of the orchid, Cochleanthes lipscombiae: a food source mimic. Amer. J. Bot. 70(6):830-834.

Dressler, R. L. 1983. Eine charakteristische neue Cochleanthes aus Panama: C. anatona. Die Orchidee 34:157-161.

Fowlie, J. A. 1961. Cochleanthes flabelliformis.

Ecology notes. Amer. Orchid Soc. Bull. 30(10):797-799.

Schultes, R. E. and L. A. Garay 1959. On the validity of the generic name Cochleanthes Raf. Bot. Mus. Leafl. 18(6):321-327.

Senghas, K. 1990. Die Gattung Cochleanthes, mit einer neuen Art, C. palatina, aus Bolivien. Die Orchidee 41(3):89-96.

Senghas, K. and G. Gerlach 1991. Zwei neuentdeckte Huntleyinen: Chondrorhyncha aurantiaca und Cochleanthes guianensis. Die Orchidee 42(6):280-287.

Sheehan, T. and M. Sheehan 1976. Orchid Genera Illustrated 52, Cochleanthes. Amer. Orchid Soc. Bull. 45(6):612-613.