(pronounced: kot-TOH-nee-ah)


Vandeae subtribe Aeridinae

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Monopodial epiphytes. Stems elongate, rooting along the lower half. Leaves alternate, distichous, leathery, strap-shaped, obliquely bilobed at the apex. Inflorescences axillary long-pedunculate few-branched panicles, the peduncles wiry, flexuous, the floral bracts insignificant. Flowers produced 1--2 in succession, resembling an insect. Sepals and petals free, spreading. Lip lobulate, sessile, convex, pubescent, with a central tooth-like callus. Column short, stout, without wings or foot; pollinia 2, each deeply cleft, on a common linear stipe and minute viscidium.


Honoring Major-General Cotton who collected the original plants in Malabar, India.


A monotypic genus restricted to southern Indian and Sri Lanka.

Care and Culture Card

See basic growing conditions and care information below.


Christenson, E. A. 1994. Sarcanthine genera 13: Cottonia Wight. Amer. Orchid Soc. Bull. 63(8):888-889.

Senghas, K. 1967. Eine epiphytische Ophrys? Cottonia peduncularis (Lindl.) Rchb.f. Die Orchidee 18(1):17-21.