(pronounced: gal-ee-AIR-iss)


Orchideae subtribe Orchidinae


Terrestrials without corms or tubers. Leaves two, basal. Inflorescences erect, scapose racemes, the floral bracts conspicuous. Flowers hooded, pink and white. Sepals and petals free, the dorsal sepal and petal appressed forming a hood over the column. Lip unlobed, with an elongate spur. Column short. with two anther sacs; pollinia 2, granular, each with a small viscidium.


From the Latin galea, meaning helmet, in reference to the hood formed by the dorsal sepal and petals.


A genus of up to 12 species in temperate North America and eastern Asia depending on the circumscription of the genus (see Aorchis).

Care and Culture Card

See basic growing conditions and care information below.


Soó, R. 1975. The currently valid names and recent systematic position of species previously relegated to the genus Orchis in East and Southeast Asia and in North America. Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 20(3-4):349-353.

Tohda, H. 1983. Seed morphology in Orchidaceae, I. Dactylorchis, Orchis, Ponerorchis, Chondradenia and Galeorchis. Sci. Rep. Tohuku Univ. 4, 38:253-268.