(pronounced: jim-nah-DEN-ee-ah)


Orchideae subtribe Orchidinae

If you are an AOS Member, access OrchidPro online to browse and search over 100,000 photos of award-winning orchids and more.

If you are not an AOS member, discover the benefits of joining today


Terrestrials arising from forked tubers. Leaves rosulate, linear to linear-lanceolate. Inflorescences terminal, erect, pedunculate, densely-flowered racemes, the floral bracts linear-lanceolate, subequal to the ovaries. Flowers numerous, often fragrant. Sepals and petals free, spreading, subequal. Lip three-lobed, spurred. Column short; pollinia 2, on separate caudicles and minute viscidia


From the Greek gymnos, meaning naked, and aden, meaning gland, referring to the sticky discs of the pollinia which, unlike its close relative, are not in a bursicle.


A genus of 10 species from Europe and temperate Asia.

Care and Culture Card

See basic growing conditions and care information below.


Rose, F. 1991. A new species of Gymnadenia conopsea (L.) R. Br. Watsonia 18(3):319-320 [###check title].

Weyland, H. 1987. Orchideen beobachtungen am vitosagebirge und in der Türkei. Die Orchidee 38:29-31.

Wildhaber, O. J. 1966. Zwei neue Orchideenbastarde. Berlin Schw. Bot. Gesell. 75:293-296.