(pronounced: het-ERR-ee-ah)


Cranichideae subtribe Goodyerinae

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Trailing terrestrials with prostrate rhizomes bearing erect stems. Leaves persistent, without an abscission layer, usually obliquely asymmetric. Inflorescences terminal, scapose, densely-flowered racemes. Flowers not resupinate, cupped. Sepals and petals free, the lateral sepals closely touching but not fused. Lip unlobed, saccate, with basal glands. Column short, with large wings, without a foot; pollinia two, deeply grooved.


From the Greek hetaireia, meaning companionship, referring to the close relationships of these plants with those of the genus Goodyera and related genera.


A genus of some 27 species ranging from India to the Philippines, New Guinea, Australia, New Caledonia and Fiji.

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Adams, L. G. 1987. (881) proposal to conserve 1507 Hetaeria Bl. (Orchidaceae). Taxon 36(3):651-653.

Hara, H. 1982. Materials for the distribution of vascular plants in Japan. 104. Hetaeria yakusimensis (Masamune) Masamune new to the Kii Peninsula of Honshu. J. Jap. Bot. 57:90.

Sugaya, S. 1963. On the floral structure of Hetaeria shikokiana, a saprophytic orchid in Japan. Sci. Rep. Tokyo Univ., ser. 4, 29:381-387.