(pronounced: him-an-toh-GLOS-sum)


Orchideae subtribe Orchidinae

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Terrestrial arising from paired tubers. Stems erect, leafy. Inflorescences terminal congested racemes. Flowers foetid. Sepals and petals free, forming a hood around the column. Lip three-lobed, spurred, the midlobe elongate and spirally twisted. Column short, the rostellum beak-like; pollinia 2, sessile on a common viscidium.


From the Greek himas, meaning strap, and glossa, meaning tongue, referring to the long strap-shaped midlobe of the lip.


A genus of two species from Europe and the Mediterranean. Himantoglossum previously included two species now separated as Barlia Parlatore.

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Baumann, H. 1978. Himantoglossum adriaticum spec. nov., eine bislang übersehene riemenzunge aus dem zentralen nordlichen Mittelmeergebiet. Die Orchidee 29:165-172.

rysy, W. 1999. Bocks-Riemenzunge, Himantoglossum hircinum (L.) Spreng. Die Orchidee 50(1):1-2.

Sunderman,H. 1973. Himantoglossum (Loroglossum) hircinum--caprinum--calcaratum--affine. Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 19:367-374.

Weyland, H. 1987. Orchideen beobachtungen am vitosagebirge und in der Türkei. Die Orchidee 38:29-31.

Wood, J. J. 1983. Notes on Himantoglossum (Orchidaceae). Kew Bull. 38(1):75-78.