(pronounced: lek-an-OR-kiss)


Vanilleae subtribe Lecanorchidinae


Leafless, achlorophyllous saprophytes araising from a cluster of unbranched roots. Stems unbranched or rarely branched, erect. Inflorescences terminal racemes, the floral bracts minute. Flowers cupped, ephemeral. Sepals and petals free, spreading, subsimilar, subequal. Lip unlobed or three-lobed, with a central boss of trichomes. Column winged, the clinandrium narrowly hooded, the anther terminal; pollinia 2, naked. Pedicel and ovary elongate, with an epicalyx.


A genus of 20 species native to temperate East Asia.

Care and Culture Card

See basic growing conditions and care information below.


Hashimoto, T. 1989. Taxonomic miscellanies of Orchidaceous Plants (4). Ann. Tsukuba Bot. Gard. 8:1-9.

Hashimoto, T. 1990. A taxonomic revision of the Japanese Lecanorchis (Orchidaceae). Ann. Tsukuba Bot. Gard. 9:1-40.

Sugino, T. and I. Suzuki 1982. Enshu-chiho no Muyo-ran to sono henli (Lecanorchis and their variations in Enshu District). Enshu no Schizen 5:39-50.

Takahashi, H. 1986. A note on Lecanorchis nigricans. Nat. Hist. Rep. Kanagawa 7:85-88.

Tuyama, T. 1955. A new saprophytic orchid, Lecanorchis kiusana. J. Jap. Bot. 30:181-187.

Tuyama, T. 1982. Lecanorchis japonica Bl. var. suginoana Tuyama, a new variety, with comments on the other taxa of the genus. J. Jap. Bot. 57:205-211.

Yamashita, I. 1982. Hamamatsu wo chushin-toshita Nishienshu-chiho no Muyoran-rui to Yatsushiroran-rui (Lecanorchids and Gastrodias of western Enshu District, centering around Hamamatsu). Enshu no Shizen 5:25-37.