(pronounced: LIP-ah-riss)


Malaxideae. Liparis is divided into four subgenera with nineteen recognized sections. Recently Szlachetko has separated seven species from southern India, Sri Lanka and the Seychelles as a separate genus Seidenfia Szlachetko. One group of semi-trailing sp

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Caespitose to trailing terrestrials, lithophytes or epiphytes. Pseudobulbs globose to cylindric, succulent. Leaves one to several, succulent to membranous, plicate or conduplicate. Inflorescences terminal scapose racemes, the floral bracts inconspicuous or elongate and densely alternate, distichous. Sepals and petals free, spreading, the petals usually much narrower than the sepals. Lip unlobed to three-lobed, with +/- basal callus, arching to concave. Column elongate, strongly curved; pollinia 4, naked.


A genus of 350 species with worldwide distribution in both tropical and temperate regions.

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Blaxell, D. F. 1978. Notes on Australasian Orchidaceae, a new combination in Liparis. Telopea 1(5):357-358.

Catling, P. M. 1980. Rain-assisted autogamy in Liparis loeselii (L.) L. C. Rich. (Orchidaceae). Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 107(4):525-529.

Cribb, P. J. and B. Lewis 1989. New orchids from Vanuatu in the southwest Pacific, part 3. Orchid Review 97:360-362.

Davies, P. H. 1997. Loisel’s greasy orchid. Orchids 66(1):26-29.

Dockrill, A. W. and P. S. Lavarack 1982. A new species of Liparis for Australia. Orchadian 7(4):76.

Espejo Serna, A. 1987. Neotypification de Cymbidium vexilliferum La Llave et Lexarza (= Liparis vexillifera) y descripcion de Liparis greenwoodiana. Orquidea(Mex.) 9(1):1-12.

Fuchs, A. and H. Ziegenspeck 1927. Die Entwicklungsgeschichte bei einheimischen Orchideen und der Bau ihrer Achsen III. Liparis, Malaxis, Epipogium, Spiranthes, Corallorrhiza. Metz, Arch. Bot. 18:378-475.

Kidson, S. and E. Fletcher 1990. Our heritage, Liparis remota. S. Afr. Orchid J. 21(1):14-15.

Lewis, W. H. 1966. Addendum: Schlechter’s New Guinea duplicates of Liparis (Orchidaceae) at the Missouri Botanical Garden. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 53:259-260.

Misra, S. 1986. Two new orchids from Orissa, India. Nordic J. Bot. 6(1):25-29.

Mohana Rao, P. R. and K. M. Rao 1983. Embryology of Liparis viridiflora. Acta Bot. Indica 11:228-234.

Rao, A. N. 1987. A note on the correct identity of Liparis indiraii Manilal et Sathish Kumar (Orchidaceae). J. Econ. Tax. Bot. 9(2):249-250.

Ridley, H. N. 1887. A monograph of the genus Liparis. J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 22:244-297.

Seidenfaden, G. 1976. Orchid genera in Thailand, IV. Liparis L. C. Rich. Dansk Bot. Arkiv 31:1-105.

Sood, S. K. 1989. Embryology and systematic position of Liparis (Orchidaceae). Pl. Syst. Evol. 166:1-9.

Stewart, J. 1981. The South African species of Liparis. Amer. Orchid Soc. Bull. 50(5):547-552.

Walsh, G. 1996. A bit about Liparis coelogynoides (F. Muell.) Benth. Orchadian 12(2):84-85.

Wheeler, B. D., P. W. Lambley and J. Geeson 1998. Liparis loeselii (L.) Rich. in eastern England: constraints on distribution and population development. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 126:141-158.

Wood, J. J. 1991. A new species of Liparis (Orchidaceae) from Borneo. Nordic J. Bot. 11(1):85-87.

Woods, P. J. B. 1965(1966). The whereabouts of Schlechter’s New Guinea duplicates of Liparis. Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 26:361-364.