(pronounced: OR-kiss)


Orchideae subtribe Orchidinae

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Arduino, P., R. Cianchi, W. Rossi, B. Corrias and L. Bullini. 1995. Genetic variation in Orchis papilionacea (Orchidaceae) from the Central Mediterranean region: taxonomic inferences at the intraspecific level. Pl. Syst. Evol. 194:923.

Arduino, P., F. Verra, R. Cianchi, W. Rossi, B. Corrias and L. Bullini 1996. Genetic variation and natural hybridization bewtween Orchis laxiflora and Orchis palustris (Orchidaceae). Pl. Syst. Evol. 202:87-109.

Bateman, R. M. and O. S. Farrington 1989. Morphometric comparison of populations of Orchis simia Lam. (Orchidaceae) from Oxfordshire and Kent. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 100:205-218.

Bernard, C. and G. Fabre 1987. Presence de l’Orchis papilionacea L. var. grandiflora Boiss., trois de ses hybrides -- dont deux nouveaux -- et L’x Anacamptorchis simorrensis Cam. et Berg dans la region des Causses de L’Aveyron. L’Orchidoph. 78:1341-1346.

Bino, R. J., A. Dafni and A. D. J. Meeuse 1982. The pollination ecology of Orchis galilaea (Bornem. et Schulze) Schltr. (Orchidaceae). New Phytol. 90:315-319.

Claessens, J. and J.-M. Lewin 1995. À propos d’Orchis conica Willd. dans l’Aude et les Pyrénées -- Orientales et de son hybride avec Orchis ustulata L. L’Orchidoph. 117:105-112.

Corrias, B., W. Rossi, P. Arduino, R. Cianchi and L. Bullini 1991. Orchis longicornu Poiret in Sardinia: genetic, morphological and chorological data. Webbia 45:71-101.

Dafni, A. 1983. Pollination of Orchis caspia -- a nectarless plant species which deceives the pollinators of nectariferous species from other plant families. J. Ecol. 71:467-474.

Dafni, A. and Y. Ivri 1979. Pollination ecology of, and hybridization between, Orchis coriophora L. and O. collina Sol. ex Russ. (Orchidaceae) in Israel. New Phytol. 83:181-187.

Dafni, A. and Y. Ivri 1981. Floral mimicry between Orchis israelitica Baumann & Dafni (Orchidaceae) and Bellevalia flexuosa Boiss. (Liliaceae). Oecologia 49:229-232.

Delforge, P. 1985. Orchis x klopfensteiniae hybr. nat. nov. L’Orchidoph. 68:912-914.

Foley, M. J. Y. 1987. The current distribution and abundance of Orchis ustulata L. in northern England. Watsonia 15(4):409-415.

Fritz, A. 1990. Deceit pollination of Orchis spitzelii (Orchidaceae) on the island of Gotland in the Baltic: a suboptimal system. Nordic Journ. Bot. 9:577-587.

Guinberteau, J. 1987. Etude de l’Orchis coriophora L. et de ses hybrides et leur repartition dans le Departement de la Gironde. L’Orchidoph. 77:1303-1325.

Klein, E. 1978. Die Farbvarietaten von Nigritella und den Arten der subsektion Moriones der Gattung Orchis als Beispiel apochromer Serien. Die Orchidee 29(2):71-78.

Kreutz, C. A. J. 1989. Orchis x mackaensis C. A. J. Kreutz, hybr. nat. nov. Orchideeen 1989:68-73.

Kümpel, H. 1988. Uber Orchis maxima C. Koch und ihre hybride mit O. punctulata Stev. ex Lindl. Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 99:95-97[##check pages].

Nieschalk, A. and C. Nieschalk 1970. Orchis hispanica spec. nov., eine bisher nicht bekannte Art der europaischen Flora. Die Orchidee 21(5):301-311.

Nilsson, L. A. 1983. Anthecology of Orchis mascula (Orchidaceae). Nord. J. Bot. 3:157-179.

Nilsson, L. A. 1984. Anthecology of Orchis morio (Orchidaceae) at its outpost in the North. Nova Act. Reg. Soc. Sci. Upsal. 3:167-169.

Renz, J. and G. Taubenheim 1983. Orchis calliantha Renz & Taubenheim, hybr. nat. nov. Die Orchidee 34:91-95.

Rossi, W., P. Arduino, R. Cianchi and L. Bullini 1992. A new natural hybrid in the genus Orchis L.: genetic data and description. Lindleyana 7(3):121-126.

Scrugli, A. and M. P. Grasso 1986. Orchis x sarcidani Scrugli and Grasso, hybr. nat. nov. della Sardegna. Webbia 40(2):289-294.

Soo, R. 1962. Geobotanische monographie der Orchideen der Pannonischen und Karpatischen flora VI, Orchis I. Ann. Univ. Sci. Budapest 5:27-61.

Soo, R. 1963. Geobotanische monographie der Orchideen der Pannonischen und Karpatischen flora VII, Orchis II. Ann. Univ. Sci. Budapest 6:43-81.

Soo, R. 1964. Geobotanische monographie der Orchideen der Pannonischen und Karpatischen flora VIII, Orchis III. Ann. Univ. Sci. Budapest 7:45-71.

Soo, R. 1966. Die sog. Orchis-Arten der ostasiatisch-nordamerikanischen flora. Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 12:351-354.

Soó, R. 1975. The currently valid names and recent systematic position of species previously relegated to the genus Orchis in East and Southeast Asia and in North America. Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 20(2-3):349-353.

Stearn, W. T. 1975. The nomenclature of the Madeiran orchid (Orchis maderensis of Dactylorhiza foliosa) and other Orchidaceae of Madeira. Bol. Soc. Brot., ser. 2, 49:89-96.

Steinbruck, G., M. Schlegel, I. Dahlstrom and B. Rottger 1986. Characterization of interspecific hybrids between Orchis mascula and O. pallens (Orchidaceae) by enzyme electrophoresis. Pl. Syst. Evol. 153:229-241.

Tohda, H. 1983. Seed morphology in Orchidaceae, I. Dactylorchis, Orchis, Ponerorchis, Chondradenia and Galeorchis. Sci. Rep. Tohuku Univ. 4, 38:253-268.

Vermeulen, P. 1964. Orchis und Dactylorchis. Die Orchidee 15:149-153.

Wildhaber, O. J. 1966. Zwei neue Orchideenbastarde. Berlin Schw. Bot. Gesell. 75:293-296.