(pronounced: plye-OH-nee)


Coelogyneae subtribe Coelogyninae

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Dwarf terrestrials, lithophytes or epiphytes. Pseudobulbs cormose, annual, ovoid to barrel-shaped, covered with sheaths when young. Leaves 1--2, uniform throughout the genus, elliptic-lanceolate, acute-acuminate, erect-arching, plicate, petiolate, deciduous. Inflorescences basal, erect, solitary or twin-flowered. Flowers showy. Sepals and petals free, spreading, usually subsimilar. Lip unlobed or obscurely three-lobed, tubular with a flared erose-toothed rim, the callus raised longitudinal keels. Column lightly arching, winged; pollinia 4.


A genus of 15 species and three natural hybrids native to the Himalayas from Nepal to southern China. This account largely follows the monograph by Cribb, Tang and Butterfield (1988).

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Bellone, R. 1999. Le genre Pleione D. Don. Orchid. Cult. & Protect. 38(2):5-13.

Bergel, G. 1998. Ein brauchbares Substrat für dir Gattung Pleione. Die Orchidee 49(3):117-119.

Braem, G. J. 1991. Pleione kohlsii, an exciting novelty from southern China. Schlechteriana 4/91:167-169.

Braem, G. J. 1999. Nouveaux taxons dans le genre Pleione D. Don. Orchid. Cult. & Protect. 38(2):20-26.

Braem, G. J. and H. Mohr 1989. Pleione pinkepankii and Pleione pleoniodes. Orchis(Italy) 65-66:121-126.

Cavender, D. 1998. Pleione. Orchids 67(4):358-367.

Chen, S.-C. and Z.-H. Tsi 2000. Pleione microphylla, a new orchid from southern Guangdong, China. Acta Phytotax. Sinica 38(2):182-184.

Cribb, P. 1988. Two recently introduced species of Pleione from China. Kew Mag. 5:161-167.

Cribb, P. J. 1992. Further thoughts on Pleione species. National Pleione Report (United Kingdom) 1992:35-38.

Cribb, P. and Z.-C. Chen 1994. Pleione chunii, an earlier name for P. aurita. Orchid Rev. 102(1199):276-277.

Cribb, P. and H. Pfennig 1988. Pleione aurita, eine neue Art aus China. Die Orchidee 39:111-114.

Cribb, P., C. Z. Tang and I. Butterfield 1988. The genus Pleione. Bot. Mag., n. s., 184:1-147.

Hunt, P. F. 1961. Pleiones from Formosa. J. Roy. Hort. Soc. 86(4):168-171.

Hunt, P. F. and C. G. Vosa 1971. The cytology and taxonomy of the genus Pleione D. Don (Orchidaceae). Kew Bull. 25:423-432.

Kleinhaus, G. 1999. Neues aus der Gattung Pleione. J. Orchideenfr. 6(2):81-93.

Li, H. and G. Feng 1987. A new species of the Orchidaceae, Pleione alba. Wild Orchid J. 2:44-46.

Perner, H. 1998. Am Naturstandort von Pleione chunii Tso. Die Orchidee 49(6):259-261.

Perner, H. 1998. Pleione humilis (J. E. Sm.) D. Don 1825. Die Orchidee 49(6): Orchideenkartei Seite 893-894.

Perner, H. 1999. Pleione ? christianii, eine neue Naturhybride aus Südwestchina. Die Orchidee, Suppl. 6:11-15.

Perner, H. 1999. Pleione speciosa Ames & Schltr. 1919. Die Orchidee 50(1): Orchideenkartei Seite 895-896.

Perner, H. 1999. Pleione grandiflora, eine chinesische Schönheit. Die Orchidee 50(3):[042]-[047].

Pfennig, H. 1984. Neues aus der Gattung Pleione. Die Orchidee 35(2):67.

Pinkepank, H. 1986. Pleione scopulorum W. W. Smith wiederentdeckt. Die Orchidee 37(6):264.

Pinkepank, H. 1999. Pleione braemii, une nouvelle et spectaculaire espèce du Yunnan (Orchidaceae, Epidendroideae, Coelogyneae), Orchid. Cult. & Protect. 38(2):27.

Senger, I. and G. Senger 1998. Die Gattung Pleione. J. Orchideenfr. 5(4):231-246.

Stergianou, K. K. 1989. Habit differentiation and chromosome evolution in Pleione, Orchidaceae. Pl. Syst. Evol. 166:253-264.

Trudel, N. 1985. Pleione coronaria: die Suche nach dem nepalesischen Krokus. Die Orchidee 36(5):206.