(pronounced: smit-en-AN-dree-ah)


Vandeae subtribe Aeridinae

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Monopodial epiphytes. Stems branching and rooting along their lower portions. Leaves alternate, distichous, strap-shaped, obliquely bilobed at the apex, leathery. Inflorescences axillary short-pedunculate densely-flowered racemes. Flowers numerous. Sepals and petals free, spreading. Lip three-lobed, saccate, the callus a transverse ovoid ridge at the base of the midlobe. Column short, without wings or foot; pollinia 4, in two unequal pairs, on a common stipe and viscidium.


Named for botanist Tem Smitinand, long-time contributor to the orchid flora of Thailand with Gunnar Seidenfaden.


A genus of three species with two species distributed from India (Northwest Himalaya) to Indochina and one in Sulawesi.

Care and Culture Card

See basic growing conditions and care information below.


Seidenfaden, G. 1988. Orchid genera in Thailand XIV, Fifty-nine vandoid genera. Opera Bot. 95:1-398.