(pronounced: VAN-dah)


Vandeae subtribe Aeridinae. An infrageneric classification was proposed by Christenson (1994) in which the genus was divided into two subgenera and six sections on the basis of floral morphology. One subgenus (subg. Euanthe (Schlechter) Christenson) is m

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Small to massive monopodial epiphytes and lithophytes. Stems erect to pendent with upturned apices, leafy, rooting towards the base. Leaves numerous, alternate, distichous, strap-shaped, irregularly toothed at the apex, v-shaped in cross-section, leathery. Inflorescences axillary racemes, rarely branched, shorter than the leaves or long-scapose and longer than the leaves, laxly few-flowered to densely many-flowered. Flowers showy, usually fragrant. Sepals and petals free, spreading, subsimilar, subequal or the petals wider, often clawed, often with undulate margins. Lip three-lobed, saccate-spurred, fused to the column foot, the midlobe often flexibly hinged, the spur projecting backwards parallel to the column. Column short, stout, fleshy, often lobulate at the base, the foot short; pollinia 2, notched, on a common oblong stipe and large viscidium.


From a sanskrit term referring to Vanda tessellata.


A genus of about 53 species distributed from Sri Lanka north to Nepal and southern China, east to New Guinea and northeast Australia, north to Taiwan and the Philippines.

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Cheng, S. and Z. Tang 1986. The study on genus Vanda (Orchidaceae) in China. Acta Bot. Yunnan. 8(2):216-221 (reprinted in English: Orchid Digest 52:38-46. 1988).

Christenson, E. A. 1994. Taxonomy of the Aeridinae with an infrageneric classification of Vanda Jones ex R. Br. Proc. 14th World Orch. Conf., pp. 206-216.

Christenson, E. A. and M. Motes 1996. Vanda brunnea. Orchids 65(10):1070-1072.

Comber, J. B. 1975. Sumatran vandas, a new addition. Malayan Orchid Rev. 12:38-41.

Comber, J. B. 1982. The genus Vanda in Java. Orchid Digest 46: 125-129.

Fessell, H. and E. Luckel 1990. Eine neue Vanda von den Philippinen: V. javierae. Die Orchidee 41:143-148.

Fowlie, J. A. 1993. China: Awash in a bitter sea, Part X. A trip to the Yunnan-Guangxi frontier to study a new subspecies of Paphiopedilum micranthum and the discovery of a new species of Vanda. Orchid Digest 57(4):183-188.

Garay, L. A. 1986. Trudelia, a new name for Vanda alpina. Orchid Digest 50(2):73-77.

Grove, D. L. 1995. Vandas and Ascocendas and their combinations with other genera. Timber Press, Portland, Oregon.

Kumar, C. S. and P. C. S. Kumar 1998. The reappearance of Vanda thwaitesii J. D. Hook. (Orchidaceae). Rheedea 8(2):249-253.

Lamb, A. 1983. Notes on Sabah orchids: Vanda gibbseae Rolfe and Vanda helvola Blume. Orchid Digest 47:95-97.

Lavarack, B. 1992. Vanda hindsii, the Cape York Vanda. Australian Orchid Rev. 57(2):11-12.

Lavarack, P. S. and N. H. S. Howcroft 1982. Vanda hindsii in New Guinea and Australia. Orchadian 7(5):100-102.

Lim, S.-H., P. C.-P. Teng, Y.-H. Lee and C.-J. Goh 1999. RAPD analysis of some species in the genus Vanda (Orchidaceae). Ann. Bot. 83:193-196.

Phukan, S. 1996. Vanda liouvillei Finet, a new record from India. Orchid Rev. 104(1209):189-190.