(pronounced: zye-LOH-bee-um)


Maxillarieae subtribe Lycastinae; allied to Maxillaria Ruiz and Pavon.

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Caespitose epiphytes. Pseudobulbs cylindric to ovoid, one to two leaved. Leaves plicate, petiolate. Inflorescences basal erect racemes, usually with an elongate peduncle, floral bracts prominent and often surpassing the ovary in length. Flowers cupped, few to many, usually dull colored. Sepals and petals subsimilar, the lateral sepals forming a short mentum by their fusion with the column foot. Lip usually three-lobed, with a central callus. Column cylindric with a distinct foot; pollinia 4, in two pairs on a transverse viscidium.


A genus of 29 species distributed throughout the new world tropics from Mexico to Bolivia and the Caribbean.

Care and Culture Card

See basic growing conditions and care information below.


Schlechter, R. 1913. Die Gattung Xylobium Lindl. Orchis 7:21-24.

Senghas, K. 1995. Xylobium pallidiflorum (Hook.) Nichols. 1887. Die Orchidee 46(1): Orchideenkartei Seite 789-790.