(pronounced: zook-SEEN-ee)


Cranichideae subtribe Goodyerinae

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Terrestrials. Stems trailing with erect leafy segments. Leaves membranous, sessile or petiolate, sometimes richly colored and(or) patterned. Inflorescences terminal, subsessile or long scapose, the rachis usually densely-flowered. Flowers tubular, resupinate. Sepals and petals free, the petals often appressed to the dorsal sepal forming a galeate hood. Lip unlobed with a flared apex, basally saccate with a pair of glands. Column short, with a large, deeply notched rostellum, the stigmas 2, to either side of the column, the anther dorsal; pollinia 2, granular.


A genus of about 76 species distributed in the old world tropics from Africa to the islands of the Pacific Ocean (Samoa), with one escaped species in the neotropics (Z. strateumatica).

Care and Culture Card

See basic growing conditions and care information below.


Ames, O. 1945. Notes on Zeuxine strateumatica. Amer. Orchid Soc. Bull. 14:52-53.

Apanda Karanth, K., B. G. L. Swamy and G. D. Arekal 1981. Embryogenesis in sexual and asexual species of Zeuxine (Orchidaceae). Proc. Indian Acad. Sci., Plant. Sci. 90:1-8.

Crouch, N., G. McDonald, A. Ngwenya, G. Nichols, B. Sikhakane and Y. Singh 1994. Zeuxine africana, Durban’s odd-ball orchid. S. Afr. Orchid J. 25(4):127-129.

Moulali, D. A., T. Pullaiah and R. R. V. Raju 1988. Zeuxine strateumatica (L.) Schltr..

a rare ground orchid from Andhra Pradesh India. J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 12:241-242.

Rao, A. N. 1988. Zeuxine clandestina (Orchidaceae), a new record for India. Indian Forester 114:95-97.

Thomas, S. 1998. The advance of Zeuxine strateumatica, a new record for Saudi Arabia. Orchid Rev. 106(1221):153-154.